Red Clover, an introduced biennial or short-lived perennial, is a true clover that is widely grown and is an important legume hay crop in the northeast.
Red Clover is often used as an excellent, fast-growing cover crop that can be planted almost any time of the year. More vigorous and tolerant of acid soils than other clovers, this variety breaks up clay soils and can add as much as 200 pounds of nitrogen per acre. It is easily killed so it can be incorporated into the soil quickly. It grows up to 18″ and can provide enormous amounts of organic matter and tilth to your soil. Red Clover is commonly planted with cool-season grasses. Bumblebees are mainly attracted to the blooms and it makes excellent forage but has the same tendency to cause bloat as alfalfa when grazed. Its height may interfere with the harvest if planted into wheat fields.
Color: rose-pink colored blooms
Height: 18 inches
Type: Biennial / Short-lived Perennial
Climate: Sun – Med/Moist
Seeding Rate: 1/4- 1/2 pounds per 1000 square feet; 6 pounds per acre. If seeding into an established grass pasture, the rate is 1 1/2 lbs/acre.
Seeding depth: 1/8 – 1/4 inch deep
Red Clover prefers well-drained loamy soils that are medium to fine-textured. Late summer/fall plantings should be done with irrigation and at least 6 weeks of growing season to become established before frosts.
Bloom Time: Spring-Early Summer
Zone: 3- 7
Read more about Red Clover here.