by Sandy Swegel
Is it time? Is it too late? Can I still plant seeds? These are the questions I heard this week. In our Zone 5 area, garden centers are already starting to discount plants and seasonal workers will get laid off by the 4th of July. Does that mean it’s too late to plant seeds and you should just buy the biggest plant you can find?
Generally, the answer is, of course, there is still time to plant seeds…It’s only June! For gardeners, the truest answer is always, “It Depends.”
There are a few seeds that it is too late to plant. In Zone 5 or other short growing season areas, it’s too late to plant watermelon or winter squash or tomatoes by seed. The “days to maturity” info on the back of the seed package tells you that you need 90-100 days before the plant makes its first ripe fruit. 100 days from now is mid-September before you might get a watermelon…that doesn’t work when we might have frost by then…or at the very least cold nights.
The flip side of this question is, “Are there seeds I should plant rather than buy plants?” Absolutely. It makes no sense to buy a broccoli or cauliflower plant now for $4.00 when it’s just going to bolt in the summer heat. It likes cooler weather. And you could probably buy the broccoli itself cheaper. But in a couple of weeks, market farmers are starting their broccoli seeds to get their fall crops going. Planting broccoli and cauliflower soon is a great idea!
Annuals are still a great bargain to plant. I went into sticker shock when I went plant shopping this year. Plant prices are up about 30 percent in my area. For less than the price of a 4-inch pot with a marigold, I can get one seed packet of marigolds and have dozens and dozens of plants in bloom in only 45 days. They’ll be super cute all over the garden and in the vegetable garden, they’ll help repel pests.
It’s the same for cosmos and California poppies and zinnias and all the annual wildflower mixes. There’s still time. For perennial seed, some plants might not bloom till next year, but the plants will be strong and it’s a lot easier to start seeds now in the garden where you want them to grow instead of inside under lights in the middle of winter.
Buying bedding plants is great for instant gratification, but gardeners know that if you want a garden full of hundreds of flowers (without breaking the bank), SEEDS are the way to go!
So there IS still time. Lots of time for annual flowers like cosmos and zinnias and sunflowers and bachelor buttons and zinnias and for big flowery herbs. Then there all those vegetables to seed. And the perennials you are admiring in bloom now. You get the idea. There is plenty of time to plant by seed and enjoy them this year.
Heirloom vegetable seed